The Zambia Compulsory Standards Agency is a statutory body under the Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry established by the Compulsory Standards Act No. 3 of 2017 for the administration and maintenance of compulsory standards for the purpose of public safety and health, consumer and environmental protection.
About Compulsory Standards
A standard is a technical document detailing the requirements necessary to ensure that a material, product, service, or procedure is fit for the purpose it was intended. These requirements could include design, material, performance, manufacturing and testing requirements, including packaging and labeling.
Generally national standards are in two forms and these are voluntary and mandatory. Voluntary standards are put in place for business best practice so that there is a level of uniformity and acceptability of the quality and safety of a product. It is also important to note that voluntary standards are not enforced by law or regulation.
However, mandatory standards are what here are referred to as compulsory standards. Compulsory standards contain mandatory specifications or minimum requirements that products must meet before they are supplied on to the market. Manufacturers of goods that are subject to compulsory standards must ensure they meet the requirements of the particular standard relating to their product of choice before it is introduced on the market to prevent or reduce the risk of injury or harm to a person or the environment.
It is a legal requirement for any producer or importer of goods or products subjected to compulsory standards to comply with the law. The Compulsory Standards Act No. 3 of 2017 clearly stipulates what manufacturers and importers should do before manufacturing or importing a product that is subject to compulsory standards and the punitive action which should be taken against such a manufacturer or an importer who does not comply with the Act.
The Agency currently administers 60 compulsory standards and has proposed an additional 48 standards to be declared compulsory. This is in a bid to enhance its mandate of ensuring public health and safety, consumer and environmental protection.
It should be noted that products applied in the environment such as fertilizers and those which people consume, or use have the potential to affect their health and safety.
The 60 compulsory standards currently being administered and enforced by the ZCSA were adopted following a risk assessment which was conducted by stakeholders and clients in the public and private sectors. The assessment was conducted to ascertain the risk which products subjected to compulsory standards pose on public health and environmental safety and what needs to be done to mitigate the problem.
The ZCSA monitors compliance with compulsory standards through activities such as factory and border inspections, pre and post market surveillances. A market surveillance is an activity aimed at ensuring continued post market compliance by checking whether products already on the market meet the applicable quality and safety requirements.
Benefits of Compliance to Compulsory Standards
Compulsory standards have been put in place not to restrict growth of industry but help it thrive and to protect the public from consuming substandard products which may be hazardous.
Additionally, complying with compulsory standards protects local manufacturers business’ interest because imported products of a similar nature also have to conform to the local compulsory standards, hence protecting industry against substandard and cheaper products entering the market. This also entails that locally manufactured products can compete favourably with imported products as they are subject to the same minimum requirements.
Further, products which comply with compulsory standards create confidence in the ability of the local manufacturers to produce quality and safe products, thereby assisting businesses to grow through access to new markets. This is because adherence to compulsory standards helps businesses to meet regulatory requirements for both local and export markets.
Moreover, once industry players adhere to compulsory standards a level playing field is created because all participants in the industry are subjected to the same regulatory requirements. This, therefore, create a competitive business environment where players strive to grow by continually improving their business processes.
If a product is subject to a compulsory standard, it must meet specific criteria before it can be supplied to the market and these may include among others;
•Contents •Methods of manufacturing or processing
•Packaging or labeling.
1 ZS 005 Lead Acid Batteries
2 ZS 017 Poultry Feed
3 ZS 018 Pig Feed
4 ZS 019 Cattle Feed
5 ZS 056 Toilet Soap
6 ZS 058 Laundry Soap
7 ZS 063 Petroleum Jelly
8 ZS 071 School chalks- specification
9 ZS ISO 20345 Personal protective equipment — Safety footwear
10 ZS 074 Shoe Polish –Specification
11 ZS 106 Safety of Household & Similar Electrical Appliances
12 ZS 189 Maize meal (Mealie meal)
13 ZS 201 Emulsion Paints For Interior and Exterior Use – Specification
14 ZS 234 Refined Edible Vegetable Oil
15 ZS 247 Household Hand Dishwashing Liquid Detergent
16 ZS 266 Reflex-Reflecting Vehicle Number Plates
17 ZS 295 High Gloss Synthetic Enamel Paint - Specification
18 ZS 321 Opaque Beer
19 ZS 369 Automotive gasoil (diesel fuel)
20 ZS 371 Road Tank Vehicles for Petroleum-Based Flammable Liquids - Specification
21 ZS 380 Illuminating kerosene
22 ZS 388 Bottled Water
23 ZS 395 Unleaded Petrol (Gasoline) for motor vehicles
24 ZS 430 Clear Beer
25 ZS 431 Compound Fertilizers
26 ZS 435 Wheat Flour
27 ZS 436 Primary Dry Batteries
28 ZS ISO 4074 Natural Latex Rubber Condoms - Requirements and Test Methods
29 ZS 429 The Handling, Storage, and Distribution of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) In Domestic, Commercial, and Industrial Installations. Part 4: Transportation of LPG In Bulk by Road - Code of Practice
30 ZS 438 Biscuits
31 ZS 547
Lubricating Oils - Specifications
Part1: Automotive Gear oils Lubricating oils – Specification
32 ZS 547 – 2 Industrial Gear Oils for open Gears
33 ZS 547
Lubricating Oils - Specifications
Part 3: Industrial Gear Oils for Enclosed Gears
34 ZS 554 Fruit Flavoured Drinks
35 ZS 558 Plugs and Socket Outlets, Adaptors and Connection Units Part 1 – Specifications for Rewirable and Rewirable 13a Fused Plugs
36 ZS 558 Plugs and Socket Outlets, Adaptors and Connection Units Part 2 – Switched and Unswitched Sockets- Outlets
37 ZS 558 Plugs and Socket Outlets, Adaptors and Connection Units Part 3 – Specification for Adaptors
38 ZS 559 Code of Practice for Inspection and Acceptance Criteria for Used Textiles
Products – Salaula
39 ZS 560 Code of Practice for Inspection and Testing of Used Motor Vehicles for Road Worthiness
40 ZS 605 Fertilizer- Urea
41 ZS 606 Fertilizers – Ammonia Nitrate
42 ZS 607 Fertilizers- Calcium Ammonia Nitrate
43 ZS 608 Fertilizers- Ammonia Sulphate
44 ZS 688 – 1
Electric Cables with extended solid Dielectric insulation for fixed
Installations (300/500 V to 1900/3 300V) specification part 1: General
45 ZS 688 – 2
Electric Cables with extended solid Dielectric insulation for fixed installations (300/500 V to 1900/3 300V) specification part 2 – Wiring Cables
46 ZS 688 – 3
Electric Cables with extended solid Dielectric insulation for fixed Installations (300/500 V to 1900/3 300V) specification part 3 – PVC Distribution Cables
47 ZS 688 – 4
Electric Cables with extended solid Dielectric insulation for fixed Installations (300/500 V to 1900/3 300V) specification part 4 – XLPE Distribution Cables
48 ZS 688 – 5
Electric Cables with extended solid Dielectric insulation for fixed Installations (300/500 V to 1900/3 300V) specification part 5 – Halogen-free distribution Cables
49 ZS 723 Peanut butter
50 ZS EN 197
Part 1: Composition, Specifications and Conformity Criteria for Common Cements